The Latest Water Research Foundation Reports

Below you will find the latest reports published by The Water Research Foundation as of January 2019.

Report Title 

Research Area

Project Number

Decision-Making Framework for the Prioritization of Research into Constituents of Concern

This research provides a framework (Bayesian Network) that prioritizes research on constituents of emerging concern (CECs) for water and wastewater utilities and others including water research providers and water research agencies.

 CECs WERF3C16/4889 
State of the Science and Issues Related to Heat Recovery from Wastewater
This research explores the feasibility of recovering thermal energy from sewage, and what the state of current technology is for doing so.

 Climate Change, Energy
Kinetics Modeling and Experimental Investigation of Chloramine Photolysis in Ultraviolet-driven Advanced Water Treatment
This project elucidates the ultraviolet-driven advanced oxidation process (AOP) of trace organic contaminants in wastewater effluent on the basis of one oxidant (i.e., chloramine).

 Water Reuse  4699
Guidance Manual for Monitoring Biological Filtration of Drinking Water

The ultimate goal of this research was to integrate monitoring and control components to enable robust process monitoring and control for biofiltration.

Drinking Water   4620
Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Wastewater
This project quantifies the potential recovery and commoditization of rare earth elements (REE) from municipal wastewater and biosolids.

 Resource Recovery NTRY8R15b/
Guidance on Implementing an Effective Water Loss Control Plan
This project created a Guidance Manual and Decision Framework to help North American water utilities develop actionable, cost-effective, and defensible water loss reduction and control plans.

 Drinking Water 4695 
Hybrid NF-RO Sodium Chloride Removal Process Pilot Study
This research presents a novel approach to salinity control of reclaimed water that can yield substantially reduced costs for membrane concentrate disposal.

 Water Reuse Reuse-17-01/
Workshop: Advancing Understanding of Microbiomes in Drinking Water Distribution Systems and Premise Plumbing Using Meta-omics Techniques
This NSF Workshop examined the feasibility and practicality of meta-omics techniques to analyze microbiome-engineered water systems and to identify areas for collaboration and synergy in research focused on the understanding of microbiomes in water.

Drinking Water  4733 
Case Study on Barriers and Solutions for Putting Innovation into Practice
This case study details the experience and examines the challenges in pursuing innovation in the water sector. 

Methods for Integrity Testing and Online Monitoring of NF and RO Membranes
This research evaluates scientifically proven methods for integrity monitoring of RO membranes to provide a better understanding of the performance of these methods for widespread application in the industry.

Water Reuse  Reuse-12-07/
Challenges and Practical Approaches to Water Reuse Pricing
This project evaluated challenges and practical approaches to water reuse pricing.

Water Reuse   4662
Investigation of Buried Large-Diameter Steel Pipes with Controlled Low-Strength Material
The purpose of this project was to enhance the current standard pipeline design specification for steel pipes.

 Asset Management 4587 
Optimization and Design of a Side-Stream EBPR Process as a Sustainable Approach for Achieving Stable and Efficient Phosphorus Removal
This research examines a new side-stream EBPR process (S2EBPR) that uses a side-stream anaerobic biological sludge hydrolysis and fermentation reactor to address the common challenge in EBPR related to weak wastewater influent and to improve EBPR process stability.

Nutrients   U1R13
Evaluation and Optimization of Microcystin Analytical Methods 
The goal of this project was to identify and compare the strengths and weaknesses of the Ohio EPA ADDA-ELISA method and EPA Method 544, Determination of Microcystins and Nodularin in Drinking Water by Solid Phase Extraction (SPE) and Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS).

 Drinking Water 4647 

Forging Powerful and Sustainable Relationships Between Clean Water Agencies and the Community
This project investigated how clean water agencies (CWAs) can leverage emotional motivators in public engagement programs to create longstanding relationships with the community.

Integrated Water  4678
Literature Review: Advancing Understanding of Microbiomes in Drinking Water Distribution Systems and Premise Plumbing Using Meta-omics Techniques 
This project supported the National Science Foundation workshop (project 4733) by developing a literature review report on the status of drinking water microbiome studies using meta-omics techniques.

Drinking Water   4700

Impact of EBPR on Dewaterability
This research evaluates the impact of chemical conditioning to improve or recover the dewaterability of digested solids, both enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) solids and non-EBPR solids, in terms of cake concentration and interstitial water.

Nutrients  NUTR5R14d/
Resilient Water Infrastructure: Improving Understanding and Assessing Needs
The long-term goal of this research is to drive water utilities to become more resilient enterprises.

Asset Management  4707

Predicting Reverse Osmosis Removal of Unique Organics

This research provides insight into the removal of individual organics for potable reuse applications using reverse osmosis and includes an Excel-based Tool to calculate the mass transfer coefficients of organics.

Water Reuse Reuse-14-19/

Carlsbad Desalinated Seawater Integration Study

This comprehensive full-scale study examines the impact of integrating seawater desalinated via reverse osmosis (SWRO) water into existing regional supplies of disparate quality.

Water Reuse

Agricultural Use of Recycled Water: Impediments and Incentives

This research employed multiple methods to evaluate the impediments and incentives impacting the use of recycled water in agriculture, and how their relevance differed among different stakeholder groups.

Water Reuse Reuse-15-08/