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 Completed Projects

 
 
 
 Title
Executive
Summary (PDF)
 Number

 Year Completed

Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) Research
Pathogen Risk Evaluation of Treatment and Monitoring System Performance for Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-16 2018 
Curriculum and Content for Potable Reuse Operator Training
  Reuse-15-05   2018 
Demonstrating Redundancy and Monitoring to Achieve Reliable Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-12  2018
From Collection Systems to Tap: Resilience of Treatment Processes for Direct Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-13  2018
Comprehensive Analysis of Alternative Water Supply Projects Compared to Direct Potable Reuse and Water Supply Evaluation Tool (WaterSET)   Reuse-14-03   2018
Guidelines for Source Water Control Options and the Impact of Selected Strategies on Direct Potable Reuse   Reuse-13-12   2017 
White Paper on the Feasibility of Establishing a Framework for Public Health Monitoring of Direct Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-14   2017
Potable Reuse Research Compilation: Synthesis of Findings  Download Reuse-15-01   2016
Direct Potable Reuse Monitoring:  Testing Water Quality in a Municipal Wastewater Effluent Treated to Drinking Water Standards Volume 1 of 2
Direct Potable Reuse Monitoring: Testing Water Quality in a Municipal Wastewater Effluent Treated to Drinking Water Standards Volume 2 of 2 (Appendices) 
   Reuse 14-10  2016
Development of an Operation and Maintenance Plan and Training and Certification for Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) Systems Download   Reuse-13-13  2016
Guidelines for Engineered Storage for Direct Potable Reuse Download  Reuse-12-06  2016
Monitoring for Reliability and Process Control of Potable Reuse Applications Download   Reuse-11-01   2016

Model Communication Plans for Increasing Awareness and Fostering Acceptance of Direct Potable Reuse (PDF)

Supporting Documents:

Understanding Potable Reuse: A Key Part of Our Water Supply Solutions (PDF)
Potable Reuse Summary (PDF)
History of Potable Reuse in California (PDF)

   Reuse-13-02 2015 
White Paper on the Application of Molecular, Spectroscopic, and Other Novel Methods to Monitor Pathogens for Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-17   2015 
Equivalency of Advanced Treatment Trains for Potable Reuse   Reuse-11-02 (Phase 3)   2015
Demonstrating the Benefits of Engineered Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) versus De Facto Reuse Systems      2014 
Risk Reduction for Direct Potable Reuse   11-10   2014
The Opportunities and Economics of Direct Potable Reuse    Reuse-14-08  2014 

Ongoing DPR Research

     
Methods for Integrity Testing of NF and RO Membranes    Reuse-12-07   
Assessment of Techniques for Evaluating and Demonstrating Safety of Water from Direct Potable Reuse Treatment Facilities   Reuse-13-14  
Blending Requirements for Water from Direct Potable Reuse Treatment Facilities    Reuse-13-15   
Integrating Management of Sensor Data for a Real Time Decision Making and Response System   Reuse-14-01  
Establishing Additional Log Reduction Credits for Wastewater Treatment Plants    Reuse-14-02   
Application of Bioanalytical Tools to Assess Biological Responses Associated with Water at DPR Facilities   Reuse-14-15  
Ensuring Stable Microbial Water Quality in Direct Potable Reuse Distribution Systems   Reuse-14-18  
Predicting RO Removal of Toxicologically Relevant Unique Organics   Reuse-14-19  
Creating a Roadmap for Bioassay Implementation in Reuse Waters: A Cross Disciplinary Workshop   Reuse-15-02  
Characterization and Treatability of TOC from DPR Processes Compared to Surface Water Supplies    Reuse-15-04   
Molecular Methods for Measuring Pathogen Viability/Infectivity    Reuse-15-07  
Optimization of Ozone-BAC Treatment Processes for Potable Reuse Applications    Reuse-15-10   
Demonstration of High Quality Drinking Water Production Using Multi-Stage Ozone-Biological Filtration (BAF): A Comparison of DPR with Existing IPR Practice    Reuse-15-11  
NDMA Precursor Control Strategies for DPR    Reuse-15-13   
Comparing Relative Human Health Risk of Indirect Potable Reuse and DPR   Reuse-15-18  
Evaluating Post Treatment Challenges for Potable Reuse Applications    Reuse-16-01   
Building-Scale Treatment for Direct Potable Water Reuse & Intelligent Control for Real Time Performance Monitoring   Reuse-16-02  
Fate of Sulfonamide Antibiotics through Biological Treatment in WRRFs Designed to Maximize Reuse Applications    Reuse-16-04



 Completed DPR and IPR Projects

 
 
 
 Title
Executive
Summary (PDF)
 Number

 Year Completed

Potable Reuse (IPR + DPR) and WERF Reuse Projects
A Framework for the Successful Implementation of On-site Industrial Water Reuse   Reuse-14-04   2017
Development of an Operation and Maintenance Plan and Training and Certification for Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) Systems Download Reuse-13-13  2016
Potable Reuse Research Compilation: Synthesis of Findings Download   Reuse-15-01   2016
Equivalency of Advanced Treatment Trains for Potable Reuse Download   Reuse-11-2-4  2016
Critical Control Point Assessment to Quantify Robustness and Reliability of Multiple Treatment Barriers of a DPR Scheme
Download  Reuse-13-03  2016
Monitoring for Reliability and Process Control of Potable Reuse Applications
Download   Reuse-11-01   2016
A Low-Energy Wastewater Treatment Process for Producing High Quality Reuse Water-Phase 2
Download  Reuse-10-06  2016
Guidelines for Engineered Storage for Direct Potable Reuse
Download Reuse-12-06  2016
Database of Permitting Practices for Seawater Desalination Concentrate
  DESAL-13-07   2016 
Drivers, Successes, Challenges and Opportunities for Onsite Industrial Water Reuse: A Path Forward for Collaboration and Growth
   Reuse-13-04 2016
 
Model Communication Plans for Increasing Awareness and Fostering Acceptance of Direct Potable Reuse (PDF)

Supporting Documents:

Understanding Potable Reuse: A Key Part of Our Water Supply Solutions (PDF)
Potable Reuse Summary (PDF)
History of Potable Reuse in California (PDF)

   Reuse-13-02  2015
Evaluation of Historical Reuse Applications and Summary of Technical/Regulatory Issues and Related Solutions for Industrial Reuse Projects
  Reuse-12-03  2015 
White Paper on the Application of Molecular, Spectroscopic, and Other Novel Methods to Monitor Pathogens for Potable Reuse
   Reuse-14-17  2015
 
Considering the Implementation of Direct Potable Reuse in Colorado

Colorado Direct Potable Reuse White Paper – An Overview

N/A   WERF5T10b  2015
Enhancing the Soil Aquifer Treatment Process for Potable Reuse
  Reuse-12-12   2015
Equivalency of Advanced Treatment Trains for Potable Reuse    Reuse-11-02 (Phase 3)  2015
Desalination Concentrate Management Policy Analysis for the Arid West
  WERF5C11   2015
Role of Retention Time in the Environmental Buffer of Indirect Potable Reuse Projects: An Investigation on Managed Aquifer Recharge
   Reuse-10-05  2015
Framework for Informed Planning Decisions Regarding Indirect Potable Reuse and Dual Pipe Systems
  Reuse-09-02   2015
Risk Reduction for Direct Potable Reuse
   Reuse-11-10  2014
The Opportunities and Economics of Direct Potable Reuse
   Reuse-14-08  2014
Demonstrating the Benefits of Engineered Direct Potable Reuse (DPR) versus De Facto Reuse Systems
   Reuse-11-05  2014
Pilot Testing of Membrane Zero Liquid Discharge for Drinking Water Systems
 Download WERF5T10
 2014
Challenge Projects on Low Energy Treatment Schemes for Water Reuse: Phase 1 – Carollo Engineers, Inc.
 
ENER2C12a
2013
Challenge Projects on Low Energy Treatment Schemes for Water Reuse: Phase 1 – University of Nevada, Reno
 
ENER2C12b
2013
Challenge Projects on Low Energy Treatment Schemes for Water Reuse: Phase 1 – University of Notre Dame
 
ENER2C12c
2013
Challenge Projects on Low Energy Treatment Schemes for Water Reuse: Phase 1 – University of Michigan
 
ENER2C12d
2013
Tools to Assess and Understand the Relative Risks of Indirect Potable Reuse and Aquifer Storage and Recovery Projects   Reuse-06-018-1  2013
Downstream – Context, Understanding, Acceptance: Effect of Prior Knowledge of Unplanned Potable Reuse on the Acceptance of Planned Potable Reuse
   Reuse-09-01 2013 
Examining the Criteria for Direct Potable Reuse
  Reuse-11-02  2012
Demonstration of Membrane Zero Liquid Discharge for Drinking Water System: Literature Review
 
WERF5T10a
2012
Long-Term Study on Landscape Irrigation Using Household Graywater – Experimental Study
 
06-CTS-1CO
2012
Treatment Processes for Removal of Emerging Contaminants
 
INFR8SG09
2012
Demonstrating Advanced Oxidation with Biodegradation for Removal of Carbamazepine
 
INFR6SG09
2012
Stormwater Non-Potable Beneficial Uses and EFfects on Urban Infrastruture
INFR3SG09
2012
Carb Process in the Removal of Pharmaceutical and PPCPs and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds Within a Conventional Wastewater Treatment Line (Supplemental Report)
 
CEC4R08a
2012
Filter Loading Evaluation for Water Reuse    Reuse-02-03  2011
Guidance Manual for Separation of Graywater from Blackwater for Graywater Reuse
INFR4SG09a
2011
Source Separation and Treatment of Anthropogenic Urine
INFR4SG09b
2011
Development of the Integrated Urban Water Management Tool
INFR4SG09c
2011
Monitoring for Microconstituents in an Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facility and Modeling Discharge of Reclaimed Water
  Reuse-06-19  2010
Evaluation of QSPR Techniques for Wastewater Treatment Processes
U2R07
2010
Optimizing Filtration and Disinfection Systems with a Risk-Based Approach
04-HHE-5
2010
Identifying Hormonally Active Compounds, Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Product Ingredients of Health Concern from Potential Presence in Water Intended for Indirect Potable Reuse
   Reuse-5-05  2010
Contributions of Household Chemicals to Sewage and their Relevance to Municipal Wastewater Systems and the Environment
03-CTS-21-UR
2009
Development of Indicators and Surrogates for Chemical Contaminant Removal during Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation
04-HHE-1CO
2009
When to Consider Distributed Systems in an Urban and Surburban Context
 
DEC3R06
2009
Disinfection of Wastewater Effluent: Comparison of Alternative Technologies
04-HHE-4
2008
Microbial Risk Assessment Interface Tool and User Documentation Guide
04-HHE-3
2008
Using Rainwater to Grow Livable Communities
04-SW-1
2008
Fate of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products through Wastewater Treatment Processes
03-CTS-22-UR
2008
Rejection of Wastewater-Derived Micropollutants in High-Pressure Membrane  Applications  Leading to Indirect Potable Reuse
   Reuse-02-01  2006
Best Practices for Developing Indirect Potable Reuse Projects
  Reuse-01-04  2004
 

Ongoing Research

   Number  Expected Completion
Methods for Integrity Testing of NF and RO Membranes    Reuse-12-07   TBD
Demonstrating Redundancy and Monitoring to Achieve Reliable Potable Reuse   Reuse-14-12  TBD
Application of Bioanalytical Tools to Assess Biological Responses Associated with Water at DPR Facilities   Reuse-14-15  TBD
Molecular Methods for Measuring Pathogen Viability/Infectivity    Reuse-15-07   TBD 
NDMA Precursor Control Strategies for DPR    Reuse-15-13  TBD
Evaluating Post Treatment Challenges for Potable Reuse Applications   Reuse-16-01 TBD
Building-Scale Treatment for Direct Potable Water Reuse & Intelligent Control for Real Time Performance Monitoring   Reuse-16-02 TBD
Fate of Sulfonamide Antibiotics through Biological Treatment in WRRFs Designed to Maximize Reuse Applications   Reuse-16-04 TBD