Trace Organics: Project Team

Team 1

  • Paul Anderson — AMEC: Technical Brief on Trace Organics and Implications for Wastewater Treatment (CEC3R07)
  • Kim Groff, Marilyn Hoyt, Barbara Pugh, John Samuelian — AMEC

Team 2

  • Rula Deeb, Mike Kavanaugh — Malcolm Pirnie, David Sedlak — UC Berkeley: Research Roadmap on Trace Organic Compounds (06-CEC-1W)
  • Rula Deeb, Ed Means — Malcolm Pirnie: Public Perception and Message Effectiveness Regarding Health and Environmental Risk (CEC2R08C) (primary focus on trace organics)
  • David Sedlak — UC Berkeley; Lois Humphreys; TRG & Associates; Paul Slovic — Decision Research; Linda Macpherson — CH2M Hill
  • Utility Partners: Los Angeles County Sanitation District (LACSD); Orange County Water District (OCWD); East Bay Municipal Utilities District (EBMUD); Central Contra Costa Sanitary District (CCCSD); City of Boulder; South Florida Water Management District; City of Scottsdale; West Basin Municipal Water District

Issue Area Advisory Team Members:

  • Robert Arnold — University of Arizona (AZ)
  • Scott Dyer — Procter and Gamble Company (OH)
  • James Duncan — CH2M Hill (WA)
  • Mike Focazio — U.S. Geological Survey (VA)
  • Jim Pletl — Hampton Roads Sanitation District (VA)
  • Deborah Lester — King County Department of Natural Resources (WA)
  • Frank Sacher — DVGW-Technologiezentrum Wasser (TZW Germany)
  • Elizabeth Toot-Levy — Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District (OH)
  • Amy Woodis — Metro Wastewater Reclamation District (CO)
  • Margaret Nellor — Nellor Environmental Associates (TX)
  • Drew McAvoy — Procter and Gamble (OH)

WERF Research Council Liaisons:

  • Bill Cairns — Trojan Technologies (Ontario, Canada)
  • Robbin Finch — City of Boise (ID)
  • Keith Linn - Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District (OH)
  • William Copper – University of California- Irvine (CA)

Team 3: Project Team for Trace organic Compounds Removal During Wastewater Treatment – Categorizing Wastewater Treatment Processes By Their Efficacy in Reduction of a Suite of Indicator TORC (NO. CEC4R08)

The Project Team has over a decade of experience in TOrC research related to water and wastewater treatment, water reclamation and reuse, environmental chemistry, and toxicology. The Project Team has successfully collaborated on numerous TOrC projects which will allow efficient communication and completion of CEC4R08.

ImageAndrew Salveson has 15 years of environmental consulting experience serving public and private-sector clients in the research and design of water and wastewater treatment systems. He is a licensed engineer in California and is a member of the International UV Association and Water Environment Foundation. Areas of experience include advanced wastewater treatment and disinfection process research, drinking water process research, and advanced water and wastewater treatment planning and design. Mr. Salveson’s recent WateReuse Foundation Projects (06-019 and 02-009) have provided the industry with valuable information related to removal and biological impact of various TOrCs in wastewater. Mr. Salveson was the 2007 WateReuse Person of the Year.

Dr. Jörg E. Drewes is an Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Engineering and Director of the Advanced Water Technology Center (AQWATEC) at the Colorado School of Mines. AQWATEC is a research center to advance the research and development of novel water treatment processes and hybrid systems to enable sustainable and energy efficient utilization of impaired water sources to provide potable and non-potable water supplies. Since 2007, Dr. Drewes also holds a Visiting Professor appointment at the University of New South Wales, Sydney. Dr. Drewes teaches water supply engineering, the environmental engineering pilot plant laboratory, and advanced water treatment and reuse.

ImageDr. Drewes has been actively involved in research in the area of water treatment and non-potable and potable water reuse for more than sixteen years. Dr. Drewes received his M.S. and PhD in Environmental Engineering from the Technical University of Berlin, Germany. Dr. Drewes’ current research interests are treatment technologies leading to indirect potable reuse and the fate and transport of persistent organic compounds in these systems. Major research efforts of his group are directed to improve the understanding of emerging contaminants such as endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical residues, personal care products, and household chemicals regarding their fate in natural and engineered systems. As principal investigator or Co-PI, Dr. Drewes has directed research exceeding $9.8 million funded by Water Research Foundation, Water Environment Research Foundation, U.S. EPA, National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, the National Water Research Institute, the Water Reuse Foundation, and private industry. Dr. Drewes has published more than 140 journal papers, book contributions, and conference proceedings. He was awarded the 2007 AWWA Rocky Mountain Section Outstanding Research Award, Willy-Hager Award in 1997, the Quentin Mees Research Award in 1999, and the 2003 Dr. Nevis Cook Excellent in Teaching Award. In 2008, he was appointed to the National Research Council Committee on Water Reuse as an Approach for Meeting Future Water Supply Needs. Dr. Drewes is member of the AEESP, AWWA, WEF, IWA, ACS, North American Membrane Society, American Membrane Technology Association, the WEF Water Reuse Committee, the AWWA Organic Contaminants and Biofiltration Committees, as well as the AWWA/WEF Rocky Mountain Section Water Reuse Committee.

ImageDr. Shane Snyder is an internationally renowned expert on emerging water quality issues with over 15 years of experience in the evaluation of occurrence and fate of trace contaminants in water.  In 1998, he was credited with the first discovery of natural and synthetic estrogens in North American waters.  Dr. Snyder also was the first researcher in North America to link the occurrence of estrogens in water to biological effects using bioassays.  In 1999, he published the first report documenting the presence of pharmaceuticals in the Colorado River.  He joined the Southern Nevada Water Authority (SNWA) in 2000 as the first R&D staff and was instrumental in the development of SNWA’s Applied R&D Center (ARDC), which opened 2007 with more than 20 scientists in a diversity of fields.  In 2002, he was awarded one of the most comprehensive studies investigating the efficacy of conventional and advanced water treatment processes for the removal of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals (AwwaRF 2758).  Through Dr. Snyder’s leadership, the SNWA-ARDC has been awarded over $5,000,000 of competitive research funding from a variety of government and private sector agencies.  Dr. Snyder serves as an Associate Adjunct Professor of Chemistry at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.  He has served two terms on the U.S. EPA Federal Advisory Committees for the Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program and has served on two expert panels for U.S. EPA’s Candidate Contaminant List III.  He is a member of the Research Advisory Council for the WateReuse Foundation and is a member of the American Water Works Association’s Water Science & Research Division Board of Trustees.  In April 2008, Dr. Snyder testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works for a subcommittee hearing entitled “Pharmaceuticals in the Nation’s Water: Assessing Potential Risks and Actions to Address the Issue.” He has published more than 60 manuscripts and book chapters on the detection and treatment of endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals in water, including the first national survey of pharmaceuticals in US drinking water. 

ImageDr. Douglas D. Drury has more than 40 years of experience in the area of wastewater treatment and has been the operations manager for four different public agencies.  These agencies had a wide array of different wastewater treatment processes, ranging from treatment of metal planting wastes at Hill Air Force Base to water reclamation for indirect potable reuse in the Las Vegas Valley.  At Inland Empire Utilities Agency, he developed sludge treatment processes to produce Class A biosolids.  

ImageDr. Tanja Rauch-Williams
is one of the Co-Pi's in this project and will take a lead in Task 3 (coordination of field site sampling events and Development of Mass balance calculations) as well as Task 6 (Model Validation Testing at Full-scale facilities). Before joining Carollo, Tanja received her Ph.D. in Environmental Science and Engineering from the Colorado School of Mines where she investigated biological filtration as a means for degrading effluent derived bulk and trace organic carbon. In her research, Tanja focused on assessing the role of bulk organic carbon in stimulating the metabolic decay of trace organic pollutants. Since joining Carollo Engineers, Tanja's professional focus has been on process evaluations and optimizations of secondary treatment technologies for new and existing wastewater treatment facilities throughout the U.S. In her work Tanja uses routinely complex simulation models for assessment treatment performance, which will also be put to benefit in this project by assessing operational boundary conditions of wastewater treatment processes in context of removing TOrCs.

ImageDr. Christopher P. Higgins is an Assistant Professor of Environmental Science and Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines.  Dr. Higgins teaches courses in Environmental Aquatic Chemistry and Environmental Organic Chemistry.  Dr. Higgins received his M.S. and Ph.D, in Civil and Environmental Engineering at Stanford University, and received a bachelor’s degree in Chemistry from Harvard University. Dr. Higgins’ current research interests are the aquatic fate processes affecting the transport and bioaccumulation of trace organic chemicals.  He published work to date has focused on the fate of perfluorochemicals (PFCs) in natural and engineered aquatic systems, and has recently been working with the antimicrobial chemicals Triclosan and Triclocarban.  Dr. Higgins has extensive experience analyzing for trace organic chemicals in complex environmental matrices such as wastewater, sediments, and biosolids.  In particular, Dr. Higgins has extensive experience using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of trace organic chemicals.  Dr. Higgins was the recipient of numerous awards including both National Science Foundation and the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate fellowships.  Dr. Higgins has served as a panelist for NSF’s environmental engineering program, and is a regular reviewer for Environmental Science and Technology and several other journals.  Dr. Higgins also has experience developing and evaluating federal environmental policies through his work as a consultant for the Cadmus Group, Inc., a public-sector environmental consulting firm. While at Cadmus, Dr. Higgins worked extensively with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to develop federal drinking water regulations, evaluate regulatory implementation at the state level, and research scientific and policy issues related to both the U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act and the U.S. Clean Water Act. Dr. Higgins is member of the AEESP, ACS and SETAC.

ImageDr. Eric R. V. Dickenson is interested in the fate, transport, and formation of contaminants during drinking water and wastewater treatment processes and in potable and non-potable water reuse applications. The focus of his research includes the fate of emerging contaminants (e.g., EDCs and pharmaceuticals) in natural systems (e.g., aquifer recharge, riverbank filtration) and conventional and advanced engineered systems (e.g., reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, GAC, ozone, AOP, MBR).  Specifically, he is interested in the development and application of chemical indicators/surrogates for rapid characterization of the performance of water treatment systems for removal of unregulated and unknown contaminants.  Also, he is interested in the development and application of quantitative structure property relationship (QSPR) models for rapid screening of the environmental fate of specific emerging contaminants within water treatment systems.  He is also highly interested in the chemistry and mechanisms of formation and control strategies for minimization of disinfection by-products formed during water treatment.  In addition, he is interested in the utilization of state-of-the-art characterization methods for natural and effluent organic matter (e.g., advanced fluorescence spectroscopy methods and size exclusion chromatography) for water quality characterization and optimization of water treatment processes.

ImageDr. Daniel W. Gerrity is a Post Doctoral Researcher at the Applied Research & Development Center at the Southern Nevada Water Authority.  He is currently researching the fate of emerging contaminants in wastewater treatment plants.  As part of this research, he is evaluating a variety of advanced oxidation processes, including UV/peroxide, UV/titanium dioxide, ozone/peroxide, and nonthermal plasma, for the degradation of emerging contaminants and also for microbial inactivation.  In addition to the work in wastewater treatment, he is studying the potential use of advanced oxidation for disinfection byproduct mitigation in drinking water treatment applications.  He is also interested in identifying the transformation products formed with various advanced oxidation processes in different water matrices.  In the past, he worked extensively in environmental microbiology assessing different disinfection strategies for bacteria, viruses, and parasites, and he also developed new strategies for quantifying inactivation of human viruses.

ImageMr. Brett Vanderford is a Research Chemist II with the Water Quality Research and Development division of the Southern Nevada Water Authority. He has over 14 years of experience in the field of analytical and environmental chemistry and has been involved with the analysis of emerging contaminants in water using advanced instrumentation since 2000. Mr. Vanderford currently specializes in the use of triple-quadrupole and quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometers for the study of the occurrence and fate of disinfection by-products and emerging contaminants and their transformation products in water reuse and drinking water systems. Mr. Vanderford has published numerous book chapters and peer-reviewed manuscripts on the subject and is currently the principal investigator for Water Research Foundation project #4167, “Evaluation of Analytical Methods for EDCs and PPCPs via Inter-Laboratory Comparison.” Mr. Vanderford received a B.S. in Chemistry and a B.S. in Biological Sciences from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Carollo is pleased to be joined by the following utilities and institutions:

• Clark County Water Reclamation District led by Douglas D. Drury
• King County Department of Natural Resources and Parks led by Bob Bucher
• Upper Occoquan Sewage Authority led by Bob Angelotti
• Denver Metro Wastewater Reclamation District led by Barbara J. Biggs
• City of Reno, Department of Public Works led by Stan Shumaker
• Snyderville Basin WRD led by Michael Luers
• Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago led by David Lordi
• Orange County Sanitation Districts led by Sam Mobray
• Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County led by: Naoko Munakata
• City of Boulder led by Bret Linenfelser
• Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District, South Shore Water Reclamation Facility led by Michael Martin
• Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District led by Christopher Magruder
• Veolia Water Milwaukee, LLC led by Scott Royer
• University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Great Lakes WATER Institute led by Rebecca Klaper

Team 4: Project Team for Diagnostic Tools to Evaluate Impacts of Trace Organic Compounds (no. CEC5R08)

ImageDr. Jerry Diamond is a principal aquatic ecologist and a Director of ecotoxicology at Tetra Tech with more than 25 years of experience in aquatic toxicology, design and interpretation of ecological and water quality assessments, ecological risk assessments, beneficial use analyses, and water quality criteria and standards.  He has developed and managed hundreds of projects involving toxicological responses of aquatic organisms and aquatic communities to a variety of chemicals and other stressors.

Dr. Diamond has directed many site-specific or region-specific aquatic life criteria studies for a variety of chemicals including dissolved oxygen, ammonia, and several metals, and he has been an invited peer reviewer of draft criteria data and analyses for USEPA, Environment Canada, and several States. Dr. Diamond has successfully led several previous research projects for WERF, most of which dealt with multiple stressor issues.  He is an Editor of Aquatic Toxicology for the international journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, and he has served on many peer review committees for other journals, EPA Office of Research and Development, NSF, and other granting institutions.  Dr. Diamond has directed numerous projects developing, analyzing, and interpreting ecological indicators, identifying and solving water quality issues in aquatic systems and in wastewater discharges, and has helped develop or refine tools such as EPA’s stressor identification (SI) process, Use Attainability Analyses (UAAs), and toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) protocols.

Dr. Diamond will be assisted by Dr. Jeroen Gerritsen, Director of Ecology at Tetra Tech, who has more than 30 years of experience in aquatic environmental sciences, including basic and applied research, teaching, environmental assessment, and project management. He led one of the first WERF projects on identification and analysis of multiple stressors and has been involved in several other WERF-related projects involving multiple stressor diagnostics.  He was project co-manager for the development of the first version of EPA’s CADDIS framework for diagnosing causes of ecological impairment and he currently serves as co-Deputy Director of Tetra Tech’s technical support contract with EPA’s National Center for Ecological Assessment.

Tetra Tech is pleased to be joined by:

E2 Consulting Engineers led by Dr. Steve Bartell, who is a Principal Scientist and Manager with over 30 years experience in ecological and population modeling; causal analysis in ecological systems; ecological risk assessment; risk-based decision analysis; and environmental toxicology.

FTN and Associates, Inc. led by Dr. Kent Thornton, who is a Principal Ecologist with over 40 years experience in systems ecology;  integrating information from multiple disciplines and organizations in assessments; ecological risk assessment; and decision-making tools; and environmental and ecological models at multiple spatial scales.

Condatus Consulting, led by Ms. Abby Markowitz, who has over 20 years experience in organization development and facilitation; community-based environmental protection; technology transfer; and environmental capacity building.

University of New Brunswick, CA led by Drs. Kelly Munkittrick and Karen Kidd, who together have over 50 years experience in ecological assessment design and data interpretation; environmental toxicology; and fisheries science.  Dr. Kidd is currently the Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Chemical Contamination of Food Webs and Dr. Munkittrick is currently the Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Ecosystem Health Assessment.

CEC5R08 Trace Organics Eco-Steering Committee

• Steve Bay — Southern California Coastal Water Research Project (CA)
• William Cairns — Trojan Technologies (Canada)
• Paul DeLeo — Soap Detergent Association (DC)
• Sam Dinkins — ORSANCO (OH)
• Scott Dyer — Procter and Gamble Company (OH)
• Mike Focazio — U.S. Geological Survey (VA)
• Deborah Lester — King County Department of Natural Resources (WA)
• Margaret Nellor — Nellor Environmental Associates (TX)
• Jim Pletl — Hampton Roads Sanitation District (VA)
• Elizabeth Toot-Levy — Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District (OH)
• Mary Buzby — Merck & Co. (N.J.)